Mari kita belajar sejarah asal-usul nama tempat, supaya kita dapat tahu sejarah yang sebenar dan bukannya sejarah rekaan.
The official name of the city under its Malay aristocracy was Seludong/Selurung, which was the same name given for the general region of southwestern Luzon at that time, suggesting that it was the capital of Ancient Tondo. However, the city became known by the name given to it by its Tagalog inhabitants, Maynila, first recorded as Maynilad. The name is based on the nila, a flowering mangrove plant that grew on the marshy shores of the bay, used to produce soap for regional trade; it is either from the phrase may nila, Tagalog for “there is nila,” or it has a prefix ma- indicating the place where something is prevalent (nila itself is probably from Sanskrit nila ‘indigo tree’). (The idea that the plant name is actually “nilad” is a myth.). Originally it was a province of the Hindu Majapahit Empire, before it was made a colony by Sultan Bolkiah of Brunei before eventually fragmenting into rival city-states.
Kesimpulannya: nama Manila datangnya dari pokok nila, dan bukannya daripada perkataan lain.
Portugal’s name derives from the Roman name Portus Cale. Cale was the name of an early settlement located at the mouth of the Douro River, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean in the north of what is now Portugal. Around 200 BC, the Romans took the Iberian Peninsula from the Carthaginians during the Second Punic War, and in the process conquered Cale and renamed it Portus Cale (Port of Cale). During the Middle Ages, the region around Portus Cale became known by the Suevi and Visigoths as Portucale. The name Portucale evolved into Portugale during the 7th and 8th centuries, and by the 9th century, that term was used extensively to refer to the region between the rivers Douro and Minho, the Minho flowing along what would become the northern border between Portugal and Spain. By the 11th and 12th century, Portugale was already referred to as Portugal.
Kesimpulannya: Portugal berasal daripada nama Roman.